The sections below discuss 3D visualization techniques available to the Caesar.jl robot navigation system. Caesar.jl uses the Arena.jl package for all the visualization requirements. This part of the documentation discusses the robotic visualization aspects supported by Arena.jl. Arena.jl supports a wide variety of general visualization as well as developer visualization tools more focused on research and development. The visualizations are also intended to help with subgraph plotting for finding loop closures in data or compare two datasets.
Arena and Amphitheater are being upgraded as part of the broader migration to DistributedFactorGraphs (1Q20)
Over time, Caesar.jl/Arena.jl has used a least three different 3D visualization technologies, with the most recent based on WebGL and three.js by means of the MeshCat.jl package. The previous incarnation used a client side installation of VTK by means of the DrakeVisualizer.jl and Director libraries. Different 2D plotting libraries have also been used, with evolutions to improve usability for a wider user base. Each epoch has been aimed at reducing dependencies and increasing multi-platform support.
See installation page for instructions.
This section is out of date, see proof or concept examples in Amphitheater.jl (1Q20).
Factor graphs of two or three dimensions can be visualized with the 3D visualizations provided by Arena.jl and it's dependencies. The 2D example above and also be visualized in a 3D space with the commands:
vc = startdefaultvisualization() # to load a DrakeVisualizer/Director process instance visualize(fg, vc, drawlandms=false) # visualizeallposes!(vc, fg, drawlandms=false)
Here is a basic example of using visualization and multi-core factor graph solving:
addprocs(2) using Caesar, RoME, TransformUtils, Distributions # load scene and ROV model (might experience UDP packet loss LCM buffer not set) sc1 = loadmodel(:scene01); sc1(vc) rovt = loadmodel(:rov); rovt(vc) initCov = 0.001*eye(6); [initCov[i,i] = 0.00001 for i in 4:6]; odoCov = 0.0001*eye(6); [odoCov[i,i] = 0.00001 for i in 4:6]; rangecov, bearingcov = 3e-4, 2e-3 # start and add to a factor graph fg = identitypose6fg(initCov=initCov) tf = SE3([0.0;0.7;0.0], Euler(pi/4,0.0,0.0) ) addOdoFG!(fg, Pose3Pose3(MvNormal(veeEuler(tf), odoCov) ) ) addLinearArrayConstraint(fg, (4.0, 0.0), :x0, :l1, rangecov=rangecov,bearingcov=bearingcov) addLinearArrayConstraint(fg, (4.0, 0.0), :x1, :l1, rangecov=rangecov,bearingcov=bearingcov) solveBatch!(fg) using Arena vc = startdefaultvisualization() visualize(fg, vc, drawlandms=true, densitymeshes=[:l1;:x2]) visualizeDensityMesh!(vc, fg, :l1) # visualizeallposes!(vc, fg, drawlandms=false)
Previous versions used the much larger VTK based Director available via DrakeVisualizer.jl package. This requires the following preinstalled packages:
sudo apt-get install libvtk5-qt4-dev python-vtk